Engineering & Manufacturing

Engineering & Manufacturing

Electrical and Electronic Engineering

The field generally deals with the study and application of electricityelectronics and electromagnetism. Sectors of employment can include: aerospace, automotive, broadcast media, control and instrumentation, IT consultant, systems analyst, nuclear engineering, renewable energy, power generation, mobile technologies and construction to mention but a few.

Electrical engineering is a wide field and can include electronicsdigital computerspower engineering, telecommunicationscontrol systemsradio-frequency engineeringsignal processinginstrumentation, and microelectronics - from powering the whole country, to making sure the way electricity is distributed to homes and businesses is as efficient and as safe as possible.

Electronics engineers are behind the iPad, the MacBook Air, the wind-up radio and any other innovative product. They work with product designers, manufacturers and consumer experts to come up with the next big thing.

Skills developed during your degree can include:

  • Problem Solving
  • Teamwork
  • Communication
  • Innovation
  • Specialist/technical knowledge
  • Project/time management
  • Innovation and creativity


Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering is the broadest of all engineering disciplines and includes areas such as energy, fluid mechanics, dynamics, combustion, vibration, design, manufacturing processes, systems modelling and simulation, mechatronics, robotics, mechanics of material, rapid prototyping and composite

Mechanical engineers are employed in practically every kind of industry. A major strength of a mechanical engineering degree is the flexibility it provides in future employment opportunities for its graduates. Sectors include:

  • automotive (from the car chassis to its every subsystem—engine, transmission, sensors)
  • aerospace (airplanes, aircraft engines, control systems for airplanes and spacecraft)
  • biotechnology (implants, prosthetic devices, fluidic systems for pharmaceutical industries)
  • computers and electronics (disk drives, printers, cooling systems, semiconductor tools)
  • microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS (sensors, actuators, micropower generation)
  • energy conversion (gas turbines, wind turbines, solar energy, fuel cells)
  • environmental control (HVAC, air-conditioning, refrigeration, compressors)
  • automation (robots, data and image acquisition, recognition, control)
  • manufacturing (machining, machine tools, prototyping, microfabrication)

Skills developed during your degree can include:

  • Technical/specific knowledge
  • Communication
  • Teamwork
  • IT – CAD
  • Creative and innovative
  • Problem solving
  • Able to work under pressure
  • Time management skills


Medical Engineering

A medical (sometimes called a biomedical or clinical) engineer, analyses and designs solutions to problems within medicine and biology.  Their goal is improve the quality of patient care by designing, developing, providing on-going support and maintaining aids and/or devices that improve a patient’s life.

Medical engineers can work in device/aid manufacturing, for the NHS and hospitals, at universities, research facilities of private companies and education and medical institutions .  They can also enter teaching and work within government regulatory agencies.

Relevant work experience

Work experience could be a placement year or summer placements. This has now become vital as more and more employers start to look at experience. It can be undertaken in large and small companies and in the public sector. Many graduate recruiters will offer industrial placements or summer internships. Apply for these early; many have deadlines between October and January. Ensure you see your placement tutor and check departmental notice boards on a regular basis as some placement opportunities will be posted there, as well as the careers jobs board in the intranet.

Should I do a postgraduate course?

This depends on what you want to do with your degree re incorporated or chartered status and the type of degree you graduate with i.e. BEng or MEng. You need to think about what postgraduate study will add to your employability profile in terms of the labour market and weigh this against the cost and time it will need to complete.

The route to Chartered status

Graduate engineers tend to aim for either incorporated (IEng) or chartered (CEng) engineer status. Incorporated status is usually quicker to gain than chartered – it may also be possible to move on to becoming chartered after gaining incorporated status first.

Engineering Chartered route diagram









Always check with the appropriate professional institution/body to ensure that you have the information you need to make an informed decision.

Related links

Getting started

Professional bodies

Employers, work experience & vacancy sources